Why is the law such that I need to leave Canada and re-enter as a student? Can’t the study permit simply be processed from within Canada using the forms available online?
A. Explaining ‘how’ to apply for your study permit is a lot easier than explaining to you ‘why’ it must be done that way…especially when I don’t believe that this procedure makes a lot of sense in most situations.
Unfortunately, many visitors in Canada are too late in learning what you already know. While in Canada as visitors, they try to ‘convert’ their status to ‘student’ which of course they can’t normally do. They waste precious months before being told by the Case Processing Centre in Vegreville, Alta., that it cannot process the study permit application from within Canada. Often in such situations, it is too late to re-apply at a visa post outside of Canada in time for the beginning of the school year. In some cases, they even fall out of status while waiting in futility.
Some foreigners may submit an inland application for a study permit, i.e. holders of a valid work or study permit and their family members; holders of temporary resident permits (TRPs) which are valid for a minimum of six months and their family members; those who have been approved-in-principle for permanent residence as live-in-caregivers, spouses and common law partners, protected persons and humanitarian applicants; persons who are subject to unenforceable removal orders; etc.
Most others must submit an application outside of Canada and if successful, must be admitted as students at a Canadian port-of-entry.
A study permit may be renewed from within Canada if the application is timely, the applicant has not violated any of the terms and conditions of his/her prior permit, and is in good standing at the educational institution at which they are/were studying. If a timely application for renewal has been made the applicant may continue to study after the expiry of the study permit provided they continue to otherwise comply with the terms of their expired permit.
Confusion may be caused by the fact that the form that is used to extend visitors status in Canada has a box that you can tick off stating that you are applying for ‘An initial study permit or extension of a study permit’. However, such use of this form is limited to those who are exempted from applying from outside of Canada.
I suppose that if immigration officials were pressed to explain the rationale for this overseas requirement, they would cite ‘program integrity’ as the reason, meaning that it is easier for officers at our Canadian visa posts abroad to assess these applications since they are closer to the action there. In other words, officers in Canada would be hampered in doing background checks due to their relative unfamiliarity with documents, institutions, and conditions abroad and by the possible differences in time zones which may make enquiries from here more difficult. However, this explanation must be tempered by the fact that there are many officers in Canada who, on a daily basis, process temporary as well as permanent resident applications entirely from within Canada and who are, presumably, able to overcome these obstacles.
Whatever the reason might be, we must remember that common sense and consistency don’t always rule the day when it comes to the immigration process. It’s better to be guided by the act, regulations, and policy manual than by logic or intuition.
The results usually turn out much better that way.